EJM - Europäisches Journal für MinderheitenfragenAusgabe 2 / 2015
Rund ein Siebtel der europäischen Bevölkerung gehört zu den etwa 340 Minderheiten mit rund einem Drittel der 90 Europäischen Sprachen. Die Auflösungsprozesse Jugoslawiens erwiesen nachdrücklich, daß der Schutz dieser Minderheiten zu den Fragen gehört, die über Krieg oder Frieden entscheiden können. Seither stehen Minderheitenfragen wieder auf der Agenda der internationalen Staatengemeinschaft. Das peer-reviewte Europäische Journal für Minderheitenfragen (EJM) wurde 2008 gegründet. Die interdisziplinäre Fachzeitschrift diskutiert Fragen der Wahrung und Entwicklung ihrer sprachlich-kulturellen Existenz und leistet Identität und Beiträge zur politischen Entscheidungsfindungen.
In March 2014, the Russian Federation annexed Crimea. Since February
2014, a nearly constant escalation has been noted of the war of secession in
Eastern Ukraine (the regions of Donetsk and Luhansk). But what are the causes
of these events? Has the Ukrainian state sorted itself out since its independence
and arranged for a future worth living for its inhabitants? What are the historical
sources upon which Ukraine can support itself as a nation? This article deals with
that issue, the main focus of which is the matter of Ukrainian identity.
The President of the German Federal Republic and the President of
the Federal Parliament acknowledged the Armenian Genocide on 23 April and
24 April 2015, respectively.
The author enquires possible ratiocinations German politics might put into operation
now. He sees the need to overcome the two narratives by a thorough analysis
of the multiple path-dependencies, and suggests a German-Armenian-Turkish
dialogue aiming to make both sides understand the conditions under which either
side believed to have acted then and believes to have to act now. A possible tool
might be to develop a common history school book following the examples of the
German-French and the German-Polish school book.
Problems might arise from two desiderata within the German academic system:
up to now, there is neither a Center for Caucasiological Studies, nor a Center of
Excellence for Minority Issues, which might give a non-nationalist input to the
This article describes and analyzes the so-called Bonn-Copenhagen Declarations
of 29 March 1955 concerning the status and legal rights of the Danish
minority in Germany and the German minority in Denmark. These unilateral yet
synchronized government declarations eventually became one of the cornerstones
of the Danish-German minority model. The author sketches the background and
context in the era of the Cold War and outlines the impact on minority policy over
the course of six decades. Five recent key-developments within the protection of
the two minorities concerned are presented and discussed as well: The reform of
local and regional government in Denmark in 2005 and the political participation
of the German minority, the school crisis of 2010-2012 regarding the funding of
the Danish minority schools in Germany, the Schleswig-Holstein Constitutional
Court case of 2012/2013 regarding the status of the minority party SSW following
the SSW joining the Schleswig-Holstein state government; the new language
policy in Schleswig-Holstein of 2015 aiming at strengthening the visibility and
usability of minority languages in the public sphere, and the question of bilingual
signs in Denmark which was the subject of an intense and controversial discussion
in spring 2015. All five cases contribute to the evaluation of the impact of the
successful minority policy, but they also show obstacles and limitations. Finally,
the Bonn-Copenhagen Declarations are discussed and assessed as a sustainable
solution to a minority-majority-conflict which over time has developed into the
Danish-German minority model.
Geyer, Ingeborg/Angster, Marco/Benedetti, Marcella (Hrsg): Il tesoro
linguistico delle isole germaniche in Italia/Wortschatz aus den deutschen
Sprachinseln in Italien, erschienen beim Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche
storiche germaniche in Italia/Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen
Sprachinseln in Italien (Luserna/Lusern).
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